Your blood pressure is read as one number over another number for example 116 over 75 much like a fraction 116/75.
The number at the top is known as the systolic pressure, this number is generally the higher of the two and represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts.
The second number is the diastolic pressure and is also the lower of the two numbers and indicates the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats,
Normal blood pressure will read amounts less than 120 over 80, anything higher may indicate a health problem. Low blood pressure is generally not a cause for concern, although if the blood pressure drops too quickly or too much, medical intervention may be required.
While low blood pressure is not uncommon and will need monitoring, high blood pressure is one of the leading causes of heart attacks.
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What are the symptoms of low blood pressure.
Low blood pressure is seldom a concern, and doctors will only become concern if certain negative symptoms make their presence felt.
These symptoms are not exclusive but can include:
- Dizziness or feeling light headed
- Feeling exceptionally cold
- Blurred vision
- Feeling immensely tired
- Side effects of certain medications
What are some of the possible causes behind low blood pressure?
- Prolonged inactivity as experienced when confined to bed.
- Loss of blood as experience when donating blood or the infliction of a bleeding wound.
- Weak heart. This will lower the amount of blood a heart can pump at a time.
What to do if your blood pressure suddenly drops
Low blood pressure is not often a cause for alarm and if the blood pressure reading is low on an infrequent to rare basis, and the patient is feeling both physically and mental strong and not experiencing any negative symptoms, medical care won’t be required. There are however times when the drop in blood pressure could be the warning signs of a greater problem.
The causes behind this drop could include:
- Postural hypo tension (that dizzy feeling you get when you stand up too quickly)
- Excessive, unmanaged bleeding
- Certain infections can cause a rapid drop in blood pressure.
General Caution for Blood Pressure
If you notice anything unusual about your blood pressure or have any concerns or questions regarding your blood pressure it is advisable to consult your doctor as he will have access to the correct information and is in a position where should any tests be required he will be able to do them or order them.
High Blood Pressure
What are the symptoms
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension as is identified through the consistent elevation of blood pressure with a systolic reading of 140 and diastolic reading of 90.
Certain activity will elevate blood pressure, but this should return to normal once the activity is over and the heart returns to its resting rate.
The best way to determine your blood pressure would be to pay a visit to your doctor to discuss your concerns and allow your doctor to check your blood pressure and make suggestion as to how you can better manage your blood pressure.
What are the causes of high blood pressure
High blood pressure can be the result of a number of factors, many of which are controllable and changeable.
Behavioural traits have a large impact on our overall health and are often highlighted by our blood pressure.
- Being overweight
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Poor diet
- Insufficient exercise
- High sodium diet
Causes of high blood pressure which can not be controlled by the individual:
- Genetic predisposition
- Thyroid related diseases
- Kidney disease
- Sleep apnea